Wisdom of Ancient India's Caste System: Division of Labor
April 16, 2006

Wisdom of Ancient India's Caste System: Division of Labor

 
I have been defending since 1997 the underlying wisdom of ancient India's caste system: division of labor.  My defense has frustrated many India-bashers, who do not want to see any wisdom in any practice of ancient India.  I have always believed that historically people moved from one caste to the other depending on the nature of their work vis-a-vis talent and skills.  Those who wrote, read and interpreted law, for example, were called Brahmins, and those who defended boundaries were called Kshyatriyas, and so on. 
 
The caste system in India was akin to professional distribution of labor of modern society.  Michel Spence received a Nobel Memorial Prize on economics by telling that education is a credible (though imperfect) signal of productivity of an individual.  Because of this credibility, the labor market pays consistently (though not 100% accurately) more to those with better education than the others.  This observation/finding of "modern research" is nothing but wisdom underlying ancient India's caste system.  My own published research deals with valuation of latent information imperfectly emitted through such signals.  
 
Supplanting wisdom of India's caste system with birth right made our society weaker over time. 
 
The rot in the caste system started when the elite (Bhahmins and Kshyatriyas) disallowed to their fold the talents - with writing, reading and interpretation skills or with prowess to defend boundaries - born to parents practising a different profession, e.g., that of Sudras. 
 
Caste system in India became rotten because of allocation or reservation of resources based on birth.  The son of a ruler became the king, the son of a Brahmin adviser remained so, and so on.  When talent or merit - the driving wisdom of professional division of labor (caste system) - was trashed, the society weakened irreparably.  A weakened society could be easily capitulated by external forces. 
 
The "enlightened" invaders called Indians pagans or heathens to connote unenlightened people.  The enlightened ancient Indian civilization became unenlightened due to the irrationality of reservation of national resources based on birth of people.
 
India is turning more unenlightened after independence.  Children of politicians are anointed as heirs of fiefdoms of their fathers.  The public is being forced to salute or face the oppression of the rulers, their kith, kin and cronies.  To keep their thrones and power of subjugation of Indian masses, they are perpetuating reservations of national resources based on birth by abandoning merit and talent. 
 
The unenlightened system of governance has been driving talents out of India.  When productive people are hobbled or ejected out of society due to the unenlightened system of governance, exports fall below the level of imports needed for India's survival.  This weakens the international exchange value of rupee and everyone becomes poorer as a result, thanks to unenlightened governance perpetuated by our politicians. 
 
To import vital necessities, India is being forced to export its limited mineral resources (with the net proceeds distributed among rulers and their crony miners), which denudes landmass, deforests countryside, pollutes water supplies, and destroys environment and scorches the nation.   It also forces Indian talents to work for external forces.  This is modern capitulation of India by external forces due to the unenlightened system of governance.
 
CFD has been, therefore, pleading for restoring the wisdom of ancient India's caste system by abandoning allocation/reservation of resources based on birth.  May god bestow wisdom on Indian rulers.    Pro-Prosperity.Com is now the number one site on Google search for Universal Religion (wisdom) for prosperity, and one of the top ten sites on Universal Religion and God
 

The objective of quota reservation system and how to achieve it.

There are three objectives of a quota reservation system in jobs, education and other economic opportunities:

1. Provide succor to the weaker sections of society.

2. Control or discipline masses in each quota category through quota usurpers.

3. Distribute the national pie among elite in each category.

Indian constitution writers had pleaded that objective 1 was noble and needed to restore social justice.  It is immaterial whether they had objective 2 or 3 in mind in mind.  Pandit Nehru wanted to accomplish objective 2 to extend his support for quotas, though he had initially argued that such quotas would not improve the plight of weaker sections.

We all know that quotas have achieved only objective 3.  It is so plainly obvious that only objective 3 could be achieved through quotas in a democracy.  If it was not obvious to constitution writers, then they were either (i) naïve and incompetent or (ii) as bad schemers and manipulators as the politicians then and now.  Our constitution writers, as badly as politicians, are squarely responsible for dividing and weakening our society for ever.  This does not bode well for India. 

If history repeats, India will be subjugated again if such divisive policies, as the ones based on religion and caste, are perpetuated. Pandit Nehru admitted the quota system because he was more interested in ruling by virtual dictatorship under the guise of democracy through language-based, caste-based, and religion-based "leaders."  His system of governance has resulted in the Criminal Raj that we have today.  It was designed to use the quota usurpers to subdue masses in each category, military style.  But the result was a weakened India that was humiliated by China. Pandit Nehru may have felt that the Chinese deceived him. But he was deceived by his own myopic policies of dividing and weakening Indians to remain in power, just like the current rulers.

In military, caste based regiments function because of discipline in forces.  But the military would likely function better (not worse) if the regiments were not based on caste and tribe.  Now the rulers are conceiving of religion based regiments.  This is really preposterous.  There is no rational foundation for division of humanity based on religion and caste.  This is why even the administration or allocation of resources based on such divisions, which are not rational, is irrational and cannot serve the long-run integrity or strength of society.

Due to the afore cited logics, CFD has been pleading with the President and Prime Ministers since 2002 to reform the quota system (if it must be continued) to allow only the families without a government job or with below median income to avail of the quotas.  This is the only way to accomplish objective 1.  No caste or tribe leader (mostly the elite in each category) will dare to object this rule because the masses in each category will end the career of the leader.  But our prime ministers have iso far gnored CFD's advisory for a rational amendment to the constitution because they do not care to accomplish objective 1, like the constitution writers and past rulers.  They care for votes of MPs and MLAs, not for strengthening society or raising welfare of masses.  They continue to believe (falsely) that the MPs and MLAs in respective categories will subdue masses in those categories to get elected to keep rulers in power.  They are deceiving themselves. Only by sterngthening society and enhancing welfare of masses through equal opportunities will the leaders have their prestige and power within India and globally.

Myopia, self-entrenchment and self-aggrandizement goals of our leaders are the biggest national security threats.  Just read the New York Times article this week on Naxal movement in India.

Objective 2 cannot be accomplished in a democracy.  Masses in each quota category will eventually revolt against the quota usurpers within the category.  This is detrimental for stability and prosperity of society.  Objective 3 is not sustainable because masses will eventually riot aginst the aggrandizing elite.  The current quota system is thus suboptimal.  This is why the quota laws of the constitution should be amended to reflect CFD's advisory to serve the integrity, stability and prosperity of the nation.

Sankarshan Acharya

Citizens for Development and Pro-Prosperity.Com
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